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dc.contributor.advisorKelly, Jack
dc.contributor.advisorPandit, Abhay
dc.contributor.authorDoody, Jaime
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-19T14:17:15Z
dc.date.available2018-10-19T14:17:15Z
dc.date.issued2016-02-15
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/14626
dc.description.abstractPeripheral nerve injuries can be debilitating for patients. The current gold-standard technique for peripheral nerve repair is autograft. This procedure involves harvesting a non-critical nerve from a donor site from the same individual before using this autogenous neural tissue to repair the injured area. There are several disadvantages associated with this technique and outcomes vary. The field of biomedical engineering has yielded several alternatives to autograft, but none of which are ideal and very few of which have been carried over into clinical practice. The “ideal graft” would be inexpensive, easy to make, easy to handle, have low antigenicity, good biodegradability and promote neural regeneration better than autograft. Resaerch has shown that physical cues and biochemical cues play important roles in neural graft design. Collagen is an excellent substance for use as a grafting material. It is versatile. It has low antigenicity. It is also relatively inexpensive and has shown experimentally to be useful in nerve grafting. Polysialic acid (PSA) is a polypeptide that has been linked to peripheral nerve growth, maintenance and repair. It is a difficult substance to work with. Polysialic mimetic peptides have been shown to exert identical effects to native PSA in biological systems. In this project, a nerve graft was designed and manufactured to take advantage of the neural regenerative physical cues afforded by a collagen fibre packed nerve conduit and the chemical cues provided by a PSA mimetic. This conduit was tested in live subjects and was shown to perform as good as autograft across several difference morphometric criteria. In the course of this project, a novel method was developed for chemically modifying collagen, a notoriously inert substance.en_IE
dc.publisherNUI Galway
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/
dc.subjectBiomaterialen_IE
dc.subjectCollagenen_IE
dc.subjectPolypeptide mimeticen_IE
dc.subjectNerveen_IE
dc.subjectMedicineen_IE
dc.subjectSurgeryen_IE
dc.titleThe design, manufacture and testing of a composite polysialic acid mimetic peptide loaded collagen nerve graft for use in peripheral nerve repairen_IE
dc.typeThesisen
dc.local.noteThe goal of this project was to design and test an implant that helps to heal injured nervesen_IE
dc.local.finalYesen_IE
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland