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dc.contributor.authorWilcox, Christie
dc.contributor.authorHeadlam, Jasmine
dc.contributor.authorDoyle, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorYanagihara, Angel
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-20T16:28:27Z
dc.date.available2018-09-20T16:28:27Z
dc.date.issued2017-04-26
dc.identifier.citationWilcox, Christie; Headlam, Jasmine; Doyle, Thomas; Yanagihara, Angel (2017). Assessing the efficacy of first-aid measures in physalia sp. envenomation, using solution- and blood agarose-based models. Toxins 9 (5),
dc.identifier.issn2072-6651
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/14427
dc.description.abstractStings from the hydrozoan species in the genus Physalia cause intense, immediate skin pain and elicit serious systemic effects. There has been much scientific debate about the most appropriate first aid for these stings, particularly with regard to whether vinegar use is appropriate (most current recommendations recommend against vinegar). We found that only a small percentage (<= 1.0%) of tentacle cnidae discharge during a sting event using an ex vivo tissue model which elicits spontaneous stinging from live cnidarian tentacles. We then tested a variety of rinse solutions on both Atlantic and Pacific Physalia species to determine if they elicit cnidae discharge, further investigating any that did not cause immediate significant discharge to determine if they are able to inhibit cnidae discharge in response to chemical and physical stimuli. We found commercially available vinegars, as well as the recently developed Sting No More((R)) Spray, were the most effective rinse solutions, as they irreversibly inhibited cnidae discharge. However, even slight dilution of vinegar reduced its protective effects. Alcohols and folk remedies, such as urine, baking soda and shaving cream, caused varying amounts of immediate cnidae discharge and failed to inhibit further discharge, and thus likely worsen stings.
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofToxins
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/
dc.subjectmarine envenomation
dc.subjectportuguese man o' war
dc.subjectbluebottle
dc.subjectcnidaria
dc.subjecthydrozoa
dc.subjectfirst aid
dc.subjectjellyfish
dc.subjectsting
dc.subjectman-of-war
dc.subject1st aid treatment
dc.subjectjellyfish envenomation
dc.subjectstings
dc.subjectnematocysts
dc.subjectdischarge
dc.subjectbluebottle
dc.subjectmanagement
dc.subjectcoast
dc.titleAssessing the efficacy of first-aid measures in physalia sp. envenomation, using solution- and blood agarose-based models
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/toxins9050149
dc.local.publishedsourcehttp://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/9/5/149/pdf
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland