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dc.contributor.authorRoffet-Salque, Mélanie
dc.contributor.authorRegert, Martine
dc.contributor.authorEvershed, Richard P.
dc.contributor.authorOutram, Alan K.
dc.contributor.authorCramp, Lucy J. E.
dc.contributor.authorDecavallas, Orestes
dc.contributor.authorDunne, Julie
dc.contributor.authorGerbault, Pascale
dc.contributor.authorMileto, Simona
dc.contributor.authorMirabaud, Sigrid
dc.contributor.authorPääkkönen, Mirva
dc.contributor.authorSmyth, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorŠoberl, Lucija
dc.contributor.authorWhelton, Helen L.
dc.contributor.authorAlday-Ruiz, Alfonso
dc.contributor.authorAsplund, Henrik
dc.contributor.authorBartkowiak, Marta
dc.contributor.authorBayer-Niemeier, Eva
dc.contributor.authorBelhouchet, Lotfi
dc.contributor.authorBernardini, Federico
dc.contributor.authorBudja, Mihael
dc.contributor.authorCooney, Gabriel
dc.contributor.authorCubas, Miriam
dc.contributor.authorDanaher, Ed M.
dc.contributor.authorDiniz, Mariana
dc.contributor.authorDomboróczki, László
dc.contributor.authorFabbri, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Urquijo, Jesus E.
dc.contributor.authorGuilaine, Jean
dc.contributor.authorHachi, Slimane
dc.contributor.authorHartwell, Barrie N.
dc.contributor.authorHofmann, Daniela
dc.contributor.authorHohle, Isabel
dc.contributor.authorIbáñez, Juan J.
dc.contributor.authorKarul, Necmi
dc.contributor.authorKherbouche, Farid
dc.contributor.authorKiely, Jacinta
dc.contributor.authorKotsakis, Kostas
dc.contributor.authorLueth, Friedrich
dc.contributor.authorMallory, James P.
dc.contributor.authorManen, Claire
dc.contributor.authorMarciniak, Arkadiusz
dc.contributor.authorMaurice-Chabard, Brigitte
dc.contributor.authorMc Gonigle, Martin A.
dc.contributor.authorMulazzani, Simone
dc.contributor.authorÖzdoğan, Mehmet
dc.contributor.authorPerić, Olga S.
dc.contributor.authorPerić, Slaviša R.
dc.contributor.authorPetrasch, Jörg
dc.contributor.authorPétrequin, Anne-Marie
dc.contributor.authorPétrequin, Pierre
dc.contributor.authorPoensgen, Ulrike
dc.contributor.authorJoshua Pollard, C.
dc.contributor.authorPoplin, François
dc.contributor.authorRadi, Giovanna
dc.contributor.authorStadler, Peter
dc.contributor.authorStäuble, Harald
dc.contributor.authorTasić, Nenad
dc.contributor.authorUrem-Kotsou, Dushka
dc.contributor.authorVuković, Jasna B.
dc.contributor.authorWalsh, Fintan
dc.contributor.authorWhittle, Alasdair
dc.contributor.authorWolfram, Sabine
dc.contributor.authorZapata-Peña, Lydia
dc.contributor.authorZoughlami, Jamel
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-20T16:23:08Z
dc.date.available2018-09-20T16:23:08Z
dc.date.issued2015-11-11
dc.identifier.citationRoffet-Salque, Mélanie; Regert, Martine; Evershed, Richard P. Outram, Alan K.; Cramp, Lucy J. E.; Decavallas, Orestes; Dunne, Julie; Gerbault, Pascale; Mileto, Simona; Mirabaud, Sigrid; Pääkkönen, Mirva; Smyth, Jessica; Šoberl, Lucija; Whelton, Helen L.; Alday-Ruiz, Alfonso; Asplund, Henrik; Bartkowiak, Marta; Bayer-Niemeier, Eva; Belhouchet, Lotfi; Bernardini, Federico; Budja, Mihael; Cooney, Gabriel; Cubas, Miriam; Danaher, Ed M.; Diniz, Mariana; Domboróczki, László; Fabbri, Cristina; González-Urquijo, Jesus E.; Guilaine, Jean; Hachi, Slimane; Hartwell, Barrie N.; Hofmann, Daniela; Hohle, Isabel; Ibáñez, Juan J.; Karul, Necmi; Kherbouche, Farid; Kiely, Jacinta; Kotsakis, Kostas; Lueth, Friedrich; Mallory, James P.; Manen, Claire; Marciniak, Arkadiusz; Maurice-Chabard, Brigitte; Mc Gonigle, Martin A.; Mulazzani, Simone; Özdoğan, Mehmet; Perić, Olga S.; Perić, Slaviša R.; Petrasch, Jörg; Pétrequin, Anne-Marie; Pétrequin, Pierre; Poensgen, Ulrike; Joshua Pollard, C.; Poplin, François; Radi, Giovanna; Stadler, Peter; Stäuble, Harald; Tasić, Nenad; Urem-Kotsou, Dushka; Vuković, Jasna B.; Walsh, Fintan; Whittle, Alasdair; Wolfram, Sabine; Zapata-Peña, Lydia; Zoughlami, Jamel (2015). Widespread exploitation of the honeybee by early neolithic farmers. Nature 527 (7577),
dc.identifier.issn0028-0836,1476-4687
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/13692
dc.description.abstractThe pressures on honeybee (Apis mellifera) populations, resulting from threats by modern pesticides, parasites, predators and diseases, have raised awareness of the economic importance and critical role this insect plays in agricultural societies across the globe. However, the association of humans with A. mellifera predates post-industrial-revolution agriculture, as evidenced by the widespread presence of ancient Egyptian bee iconography dating to the Old Kingdom (approximately 2400 BC)(1). There are also indications of Stone Age people harvesting bee products; for example, honey hunting is interpreted from rock art(2) in a prehistoric Holocene context and a beeswax find in a pre-agriculturalist site(3). However, when and where the regular association of A. mellifera with agriculturalists emerged is unknown(4). One of the major products of A. mellifera is beeswax, which is composed of a complex suite of lipids including n-alkanes, n-alkanoic acids and fatty acyl wax esters. The composition is highly constant as it is determined genetically through the insect's biochemistry. Thus, the chemical 'fingerprint' of beeswax provides a reliable basis for detecting this commodity in organic residues preserved at archaeological sites, which we now use to trace the exploitation by humans of A. mellifera temporally and spatially. Here we present secure identifications of beeswax in lipid residues preserved in pottery vessels of Neolithic Old World farmers. The geographical range of bee product exploitation is traced in Neolithic Europe, the Near East and North Africa, providing the palaeoecological range of honeybees during prehistory. Temporally, we demonstrate that bee products were exploited continuously, and probably extensively in some regions, at least from the seventh millennium cal BC, likely fulfilling a variety of technological and cultural functions. The close association of A. mellifera with Neolithic farming communities dates to the early onset of agriculture and may provide evidence for the beginnings of a domestication process.
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.ispartofNature
dc.subjectionization mass-spectrometry
dc.subjectapis-mellifera
dc.subjectbeeswax
dc.subjectresidues
dc.subjectvessels
dc.titleWidespread exploitation of the honeybee by early neolithic farmers
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/nature15757
dc.local.publishedsourcehttp://repositorio.ul.pt/bitstream/10451/31240/1/WidespreadexploitationofthehoneybeebyearlyNeolithicfarmers.pdf
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