Welfare state regimes, health and health inequalities in adolescence: a multilevel study in 32 countries
Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic
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Richter, Matthias; Rathman, Katharina; Gabhainn, Saoirse Nic; Zambon, Alessio; Boyce, William; Hurrelmann, Klaus (2012). Welfare state regimes, health and health inequalities in adolescence: a multilevel study in 32 countries. Sociology of Health & Illness 34 (6), 858-879
Comparative research on health and health inequalities has recently started to establish a welfare regime perspective. The objective of this study was to determine whether different welfare regimes are associated with health and health inequalities among adolescents. Data were collected from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in 2006, including 11- to 15-year-old students from 32 countries (N = 141,091). Prevalence rates and multilevel logistic regression models were calculated for self-rated health (SRH) and health complaints. The results show that between 4 per cent and 7 per cent of the variation in both health outcomes is attributable to differences between countries. Compared to the Scandinavian regime, the Southern regime had lower odds ratios for SRH, while for health complaints the Southern and Eastern regime showed high odds ratios. The association between subjective health and welfare regime was largely unaffected by adjusting for individual socioeconomic position. After adjustment for the welfare regime typology, the country-level variations were reduced to 4.6 per cent for SRH and to 2.9 per cent for health complaints. Regarding cross-level interaction effects between welfare regimes and socioeconomic position, no clear regime-specific pattern was found. Consistent with research on adults this study shows that welfare regimes are important in explaining variations in adolescent health across countries.
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