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dc.contributor.authorHayes, Deirdreen
dc.contributor.authorLeader, Geraldineen
dc.contributor.authorHealy, Oliveen
dc.contributor.authorGrey, Ianen
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-21T09:09:47Zen
dc.date.available2009-04-21T09:09:47Zen
dc.date.issued2009en
dc.identifier.citationGrey, Ian, Olive Healy, Geraldine Leader and Deirdre Hayes. 2009. "Using a Time Timer(TM) to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities." Research in Developmental Disabilities 30(2):359-366.en
dc.identifier.uri10.1016/j.ridd.2008.07.001en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/134en
dc.description.abstractThis study aimed to examine the use of a predictive stimulus (Time TimerTM) and delayed reinforcement to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities and problem behavior maintained by access to tangible items and activities. The study employed a changing criterion design across settings to gradually increase reinforcement delay from 1 second to 10 minutes. Firstly a baseline phase was conducted to measure the duration of appropriate waiting behaviour to access tangible reinforcers/activities. Phase 2 involved the use of a red cue card and the verbal instruction ¿wait¿. Phase 3 involved the introduction of the Time TimerTM with the cue card attached, and the verbal instruction ¿wait¿. Finally, Phase 4 utilised the Time TimerTM without the cue card. Results indicated that this was an effective strategy for increasing appropriate waiting behavior with this participant in a school setting. The role of adding a concurrent activity during the reinforcement delay, using cues to predict reinforcement, future generalization, maintenance and the teaching of functionally equivalent skills are discussed.en
dc.formatapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/
dc.subjectTime Timer TMen
dc.subjectDevelopmental disabilitiesen
dc.subjectDelayed reinforcementen
dc.subject.lcshDevelopmental disabilitiesen
dc.subject.lcshReinforcement (Psychology)en
dc.titleUsing a Time Timer(TM) to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities.en
dc.typeArticleen
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