Comprehensive definition of oxidation state (iupac recommendations 2016)
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Karen, Pavel; McArdle, Patrick; Takats, Josef (2016). Comprehensive definition of oxidation state (iupac recommendations 2016). Pure and Applied Chemistry 88 (8), 831-839
Oxidation state (OS) is defined using ionic approximation of bonds. Two principal algorithms are outlined for OS determination in a chemical compound described by a Lewis formula or bond graph. Typical origins of ambiguous OS values are pointed out, and the relationship between OS and the d(n) electron configuration of transition metals is commented on.