Mesenchymal stem cell inhibition of t-helper 17 cell- differentiation is triggered by cell-cell contact and mediated by prostaglandin e2 via the ep4 receptor
Duffy, Michelle M.
Hanley, Shirley A.
Weidhofer, Gudrun A.
Sweeney, Eva M.
Murphy, J. Mary
Barry, Frank P.
Mahon, Bernard P.
Griffin, Matthew D.
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Duffy, Michelle M. Pindjakova, Jana; Hanley, Shirley A.; McCarthy, Cathal; Weidhofer, Gudrun A.; Sweeney, Eva M.; English, Karen; Shaw, Georgina; Murphy, J. Mary; Barry, Frank P.; Mahon, Bernard P.; Belton, Orina; Ceredig, Rhodri; Griffin, Matthew D. (2011). Mesenchymal stem cell inhibition of t-helper 17 cell- differentiation is triggered by cell-cell contact and mediated by prostaglandin e2 via the ep4 receptor. European Journal of Immunology 41 (10), 2840-2851
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) inhibit T-cell activation and proliferation but their effects on individual T-cell-effector pathways and on memory versus naive T cells remain unclear. MSC influence on the differentiation of naive and memory CD4(+) T cells toward the Th17 phenotype was examined. CD4(+) T cells exposed to Th17-skewing conditions exhibited reduced CD25 and IL-17A expression following MSC co-culture. Inhibition of IL-17A production persisted upon re-stimulation in the absence of MSCs. These effects were attenuated when cell-cell contact was prevented. Th17 cultures from highly purified naive- and memory-phenotype responders were similarly inhibited. Th17 inhibition by MSCs was reversed by indomethacin and a selective COX-2 inhibitor. Media from MSC/Th17 co-cultures contained increased prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels and potently suppressed Th17 differentiation in fresh cultures. MSC-mediated Th17 inhibition was reversed by a selective EP4 antagonist and was mimicked by synthetic PGE2 and a selective EP4 agonist. Activation-induced IL-17A secretion by naturally occurring, effector-memory Th17 cells from a urinary obstruction model was also inhibited by MSC co-culture in a COX-dependent manner. Overall, MSCs potently inhibit Th17 differentiation from naive and memory T-cell precursors and inhibit naturally-occurring Th17 cells derived from a site of inflammation. Suppression entails cell-contact-dependent COX-2 induction resulting in direct Th17 inhibition by PGE2 via EP4.