Recent advances in psychoneuroimmunology: inflammation in psychiatric disorders
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Debnath, Monojit; Doyle, Karen; Langan, Camilla; McDonald, Colm; Leonard, Brian; Cannon, Dara (2011). Recent advances in psychoneuroimmunology: inflammation in psychiatric disorders. Translational Neuroscience 2 (2), 121-137
Psychiatric disorders are common and complex and their precise biological underpinnings remain elusive. Multiple epidemiological, molecular, genetic and gene expression studies suggest that immune system dysfunction may contribute to the risk for developing psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorder. However, the precise mechanisms by which inflammation-related events confer such risk are unclear. In this review, we examine the peripheral and central evidence for inflammation in psychiatric disorders and the potential molecular mechanisms implicated including inhibition of neurogenesis, apoptosis, the HPA-axis, the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and the interplay between the glutamatergic, dopaminergic and serotonergic neurotransmitter systems.