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dc.contributor.authorCullen, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorEvans, David
dc.contributor.authorDavidson, Fred
dc.contributor.authorBurke, Padraig
dc.contributor.authorBurns, Damien
dc.contributor.authorFlanagan, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorGriffin, Chris
dc.contributor.authorKellegher, Anne
dc.contributor.authorMannion, Rory
dc.contributor.authorMulcahy, Maurice
dc.contributor.authorRyan, Michael
dc.contributor.authorBiot, Pierre
dc.contributor.authorCasteleyn, Ludwine
dc.contributor.authorCastaño, Argelia
dc.contributor.authorAngerer, Jürgen
dc.contributor.authorKoch, Holger
dc.contributor.authorEsteban, Marta
dc.contributor.authorSchindler, Birgit
dc.contributor.authorNavarro, Carmen
dc.contributor.authorKolossa-Gehring, Marike
dc.contributor.authorFiddicke, Ulrike
dc.contributor.authorSchoeters, Greet
dc.contributor.authorHond, Elly
dc.contributor.authorSepai, Ovnair
dc.contributor.authorExley, Karen
dc.contributor.authorBloemen, Louis
dc.contributor.authorKnudsen, Lisbeth
dc.contributor.authorJoas, Reinhard
dc.contributor.authorJoas, Anke
dc.contributor.authorAerts, Dominique
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-20T16:04:31Z
dc.date.available2018-09-20T16:04:31Z
dc.date.issued2014-09-17
dc.identifier.citationCullen, Elizabeth; Evans, David; Davidson, Fred; Burke, Padraig; Burns, Damien; Flanagan, Andrew; Griffin, Chris; Kellegher, Anne; Mannion, Rory; Mulcahy, Maurice; Ryan, Michael; Biot, Pierre; Casteleyn, Ludwine; Castaño, Argelia; Angerer, Jürgen; Koch, Holger; Esteban, Marta; Schindler, Birgit; Navarro, Carmen; Kolossa-Gehring, Marike; Fiddicke, Ulrike; Schoeters, Greet; Hond, Elly; Sepai, Ovnair; Exley, Karen; Bloemen, Louis; Knudsen, Lisbeth; Joas, Reinhard; Joas, Anke; Aerts, Dominique (2014). Mercury exposure in ireland: results of the democophes human biomonitoring study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11 (9), 9761-9775
dc.identifier.issn1660-4601
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/10975
dc.description.abstractBackground: Monitoring of human exposure to mercury is important due to its adverse health effects. This study aimed to determine the extent of mercury exposure among mothers and their children in Ireland, and to identify factors associated with elevated levels. It formed part of the Demonstration of a study to Coordinate and Perform Human Biomonitoring on a European Scale (DEMOCOPHES) pilot biomonitoring study. Methods: Hair mercury concentrations were determined from a convenience sample of 120 mother/child pairs. Mothers also completed a questionnaire. Rigorous quality assurance within DEMOCOPHES guaranteed the accuracy and international comparability of results. Results: Mercury was detected in 79.2% of the samples from mothers, and 62.5% of children's samples. Arithmetic mean levels in mothers (0.262 mu g/g hair) and children (0.149 mu g /g hair) did not exceed the US EPA guidance value. Levels were significantly higher for those with higher education, and those who consumed more fish. Conclusions: The study demonstrates the benefit of human biomonitoring for assessing and comparing internal exposure levels, both on a population and an individual basis. It enables the potential harmful impact of mercury to be minimised in those highly exposed, and can therefore significantly contribute to population health.
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
dc.subjectmercury
dc.subjecthuman biomonitoring
dc.subjecthair
dc.subjectexposure
dc.subjecthair mercury
dc.subjectchildren
dc.subjecthealth
dc.subjectblood
dc.subjectgermany
dc.subjectcadmium
dc.subjectmothers
dc.subjectmetals
dc.subjectchina
dc.subjectwomen
dc.titleMercury exposure in ireland: results of the democophes human biomonitoring study
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ijerph110909760
dc.local.publishedsourcehttp://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/11/9/9760/pdf
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