The implicit relational assessment procedure (irap ) and the malleability of ageist attitudes
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Cullen, Claire; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Stewart, Ian (2009). The implicit relational assessment procedure (irap ) and the malleability of ageist attitudes. The Psychological Record 59 (4), 591-620
The current study examined the malleability of implicit attitudes using the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP). In Experiment 1, &quot;similar&quot; and &quot;opposite&quot; were presented as response options with the sample terms &quot;old people&quot; and &quot;young people&quot; and various positive and negative target stimuli. Results showed significantly faster response latencies for consistent (e.g., Similar Positive-Young People) compared to inconsistent tasks (e.g., Similar-Positive-Old People). Explicit measures did not correlate with this IRAP effect. Experiment 2 determined whether prior exposure to pictures of admired and disliked old and young individuals had an impact on IRAP performance. Results revealed that pro-old exemplars reduced the pro-young IRAP effect, but reversed the ann-old effect, and this held for 24 h; explicit measures were largely unaffected. The findings suggest that the IRAP provides an informative measure of attitude change following pro- versus anti-exemplar training.