Investigation of classifiers for early-stage breast cancer based on radar target signatures
Conceicao, Raquel Cruz
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Conceicao, Raquel Cruz; O'Halloran, Martin; Jones, Edward; Glavin, Martin (2010). Investigation of classifiers for early-stage breast cancer based on radar target signatures. Progress In Electromagnetics Research 105 , 295-311
Ultra Wideband (UWB) radar has been extensively investigated as a means of detecting early-stage breast cancer. The basis for this imaging modality is the dielectric contrast between normal and cancerous breast tissue at microwave frequencies. However, based on the dielectric similarities between a malignant and a benign tumour within the breast, differentiating between these types of tissues in microwave images may be problematic. Therefore, it is important to investigate alternative methods to analyse and classify dielectric scatterers within the breast, taking into account other tumour characteristics such as shape and surface texture of tumours. Benign tumours tend to have smooth surfaces and oval shapes whereas malignant tumours tend to have rough and complex surfaces with spicules or microlobules. Consequently, one classification approach is to classify scatterers based on their Radar Target Signature (RTS), which carries important information about scatterer size and shape. In this paper, Gaussian Random Spheres (GRS) are used to model the shape and size of benign and malignant tumours. Principal Components Analysis (PCA) is used to extract information from the RTS of the tumours, while eight different combinations of tumour classifiers are analysed in terms of performance and are compared in terms of two possible approaches: Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) and Quadratic Discriminant Analysis (QDA).