Efficacy of cerebral autoregulation in early ischemic stroke predicts smaller infarcts and better outcome
Serrador, Jorge Manuel
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Castro, Pedro; Serrador, Jorge Manuel; Rocha, Isabel; Sorond, Farzaneh; Azevedo, Elsa (2017). Efficacy of cerebral autoregulation in early ischemic stroke predicts smaller infarcts and better outcome. Frontiers in Neurology 8 ,
Background and purpose: Effective cerebral autoregulation (CA) may protect the vulnerable ischemic penumbra from blood pressure fluctuations and minimize neurological injury. We aimed to measure dynamic CA within 6 h of ischemic stroke (IS) symptoms onset and to evaluate the relationship between CA, stroke volume, and neurological outcome. Methods: We enrolled 30 patients with acute middle cerebral artery IS. Within 6 h of IS, we measured for 10 min arterial blood pressure (Finometer), cerebral blood flow velocity (transcranial Doppler), and end-tidal-CO2. Transfer function analysis (coherence, phase, and gain) assessed dynamic CA, and receiver-operating curves calculated relevant cut-off values. National Institute of Health Stroke Scale was measured at baseline. Computed tomography at 24 h evaluated infarct volume. Modified Rankin Scale (MRS) at 3 months evaluated the outcome. Results: The odds of being independent at 3 months (MRS 0-2) was 14-fold higher when 6 h CA was intact (Phase &gt; 37 degrees) (adjusted OR = 14.0 (IC 95% 1.7-74.0), p = 0.013). Similarly, infarct volume was significantly smaller with intact CA [median (range) 1.1 (0.2-7.0) vs 13.1 (1.3-110.5) ml, p = 0.002]. conclusion: In this pilot study, early effective CA was associated with better neurological outcome in patients with IS. Dynamic CA may carry significant prognostic implications.