Association between the 4 bp proinsulin gene insertion polymorphism (ivs-69) and body composition in black south african women
Jennings, Courtney L.
Lambert, Estelle V.
Levitt, Naomi S.
Faulenbach, Mirjam V.
Kahn, Steven E.
Goedecke, Julia H.
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Berman, Peter; Collins, Malcolm; Baumgarten, Ingrid; Seoighe, Cathal; Jennings, Courtney L. Joffe, Yael; Lambert, Estelle V.; Levitt, Naomi S.; Faulenbach, Mirjam V.; Kahn, Steven E.; Goedecke, Julia H. (2009). Association between the 4 bp proinsulin gene insertion polymorphism (ivs-69) and body composition in black south african women. Obesity 17 (6), 1298-1300
The objective of the study was to examine the association between a functional 4 bp proinsulin gene insertion polymorphism (IVS-69), fasting insulin concentrations, and body composition in black South African women. Body composition, body fat distribution, fasting glucose and insulin concentrations, and IVS-69 genotype were measured in 115 normal-weight (BMI &lt; 25 kg/ m(2)) and 138 obese (BMI &gt;= 30 kg/m(2)) premenopausal women. The frequency of the insertion allele was significantly higher in the class 2 obese (BMI &gt;= 35kg/m(2)) compared with the normal-weight group (P = 0.029). Obese subjects with the insertion allele had greater fat mass (42.3 +/- 0.9 vs. 38.9 +/- 0.9 kg, P = 0.034) and fat-free soft tissue mass (47.4 +/- 0.6 vs. 45.1 +/- 0.6 kg, P = 0.014), and more abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT, 595 +/- 17 vs. 531 +/- 17 cm(2), P = 0.025) but not visceral fat (P = 0.739), than obese homozygotes for the wild-type allele. Only SAT was greater in normal-weight subjects with the insertion allele (P = 0.048). There were no differences in fasting insulin or glucose levels between subjects with the insertion allele or homozygotes for the wild-type allele in the normal-weight or obese groups. In conclusion, the 4 bp proinsulin gene insertion allele is associated with extreme obesity, reflected by greater fat-free soft tissue mass and fat mass, particularly SAT, in obese black South African women.