Low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (cd271) heterogeneous expression in adult and fetal mesenchymal stromal cells
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Barilani, Mario; Banfi, Federica; Sironi, Silvia; Ragni, Enrico; Guillaumin, Salomé; Polveraccio, Francesca; Rosso, Lorenzo; Moro, Monica; Astori, Giuseppe; Pozzobon, Michela; Lazzari, Lorenza (2018). Low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (cd271) heterogeneous expression in adult and fetal mesenchymal stromal cells. Scientific Reports 8 ,
Human multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are isolated from a plethora of tissue sources for cell therapy purposes. In 2006, the International Society for Cellular Therapy (ISCT) published minimal guidelines to define MSC identity. Nevertheless, many independent studies demonstrated that cells meeting the ISCT criteria possessed heterogeneous phenotypes and functionalities, heavily influenced by culture conditions. In this study, human MSC derived from many adult (bone marrow and adipose tissue) or fetal (cord blood, Wharton's jelly, umbilical cord perivascular compartment and amniotic fluid) tissues were investigated. Their immunophenotype was analyzed to define consistent source-specific markers by extensive flow cytometry analysis and real-time qRT-PCR. CD271(+) subpopulations were detected in adult MSC, whereas NG2 was significantly more expressed in fetal MSC but failed validation on independent samples coming from an external laboratory. The highest number of CD271(+) adult MSC were detected soon after isolation in serum-based culture conditions. Furthermore, heterogeneous percentages of CD271 expression were found in platelet lysate-based or serum-free culture conditions. Finally, CD271(+) adult MSC showed high clonogenic and osteogenic properties as compared to CD271(+) cells. To conclude, in this phenotype-function correlation study CD271(+) subpopulation confers heterogeneity on adult MSC, confirming the need of more specific markers to address MSC properties.