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dc.contributor.authorAppeltans, Ward
dc.contributor.authorAhyong, Shane T.
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Gary
dc.contributor.authorAngel, Martin V.
dc.contributor.authorArtois, Tom
dc.contributor.authorBailly, Nicolas
dc.contributor.authorBamber, Roger
dc.contributor.authorBarber, Anthony
dc.contributor.authorBartsch, Ilse
dc.contributor.authorBerta, Annalisa
dc.contributor.authorBłażewicz-Paszkowycz, Magdalena
dc.contributor.authorBock, Phil
dc.contributor.authorBoxshall, Geoff
dc.contributor.authorBoyko, Christopher B.
dc.contributor.authorBrandão, Simone Nunes
dc.contributor.authorBray, Rod A.
dc.contributor.authorBruce, Niel L.
dc.contributor.authorCairns, Stephen D.
dc.contributor.authorChan, Tin-Yam
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Lanna
dc.contributor.authorCollins, Allen G.
dc.contributor.authorCribb, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorCurini-Galletti, Marco
dc.contributor.authorDahdouh-Guebas, Farid
dc.contributor.authorDavie, Peter J.F.
dc.contributor.authorDawson, Michael N.
dc.contributor.authorDe Clerck, Olivier
dc.contributor.authorDecock, Wim
dc.contributor.authorDe Grave, Sammy
dc.contributor.authorde Voogd, Nicole J.
dc.contributor.authorDomning, Daryl P.
dc.contributor.authorEmig, Christian C.
dc.contributor.authorErséus, Christer
dc.contributor.authorEschmeyer, William
dc.contributor.authorFauchald, Kristian
dc.contributor.authorFautin, Daphne G.
dc.contributor.authorFeist, Stephen W.
dc.contributor.authorFransen, Charles H.J.M.
dc.contributor.authorFuruya, Hidetaka
dc.contributor.authorGarcia-Alvarez, Oscar
dc.contributor.authorGerken, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorGibson, David
dc.contributor.authorGittenberger, Arjan
dc.contributor.authorGofas, Serge
dc.contributor.authorGómez-Daglio, Liza
dc.contributor.authorGordon, Dennis P.
dc.contributor.authorGuiry, Michael D.
dc.contributor.authorHernandez, Francisco
dc.contributor.authorHoeksema, Bert W.
dc.contributor.authorHopcroft, Russell R.
dc.contributor.authorJaume, Damià
dc.contributor.authorKirk, Paul
dc.contributor.authorKoedam, Nico
dc.contributor.authorKoenemann, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorKolb, Jürgen B.
dc.contributor.authorKristensen, Reinhardt M.
dc.contributor.authorKroh, Andreas
dc.contributor.authorLambert, Gretchen
dc.contributor.authorLazarus, David B.
dc.contributor.authorLemaitre, Rafael
dc.contributor.authorLongshaw, Matt
dc.contributor.authorLowry, Jim
dc.contributor.authorMacpherson, Enrique
dc.contributor.authorMadin, Laurence P.
dc.contributor.authorMah, Christopher
dc.contributor.authorMapstone, Gill
dc.contributor.authorMcLaughlin, Patsy A.
dc.contributor.authorMees, Jan
dc.contributor.authorMeland, Kenneth
dc.contributor.authorMessing, Charles G.
dc.contributor.authorMills, Claudia E.
dc.contributor.authorMolodtsova, Tina N.
dc.contributor.authorMooi, Rich
dc.contributor.authorNeuhaus, Birger
dc.contributor.authorNg, Peter K.L.
dc.contributor.authorNielsen, Claus
dc.contributor.authorNorenburg, Jon
dc.contributor.authorOpresko, Dennis M.
dc.contributor.authorOsawa, Masayuki
dc.contributor.authorPaulay, Gustav
dc.contributor.authorPerrin, William
dc.contributor.authorPilger, John F.
dc.contributor.authorPoore, Gary C.B.
dc.contributor.authorPugh, Phil
dc.contributor.authorRead, Geoffrey B.
dc.contributor.authorReimer, James D.
dc.contributor.authorRius, Marc
dc.contributor.authorRocha, Rosana M.
dc.contributor.authorSaiz-Salinas, José I.
dc.contributor.authorScarabino, Victor
dc.contributor.authorSchierwater, Bernd
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt-Rhaesa, Andreas
dc.contributor.authorSchnabel, Kareen E.
dc.contributor.authorSchotte, Marilyn
dc.contributor.authorSchuchert, Peter
dc.contributor.authorSchwabe, Enrico
dc.contributor.authorSegers, Hendrik
dc.contributor.authorSelf-Sullivan, Caryn
dc.contributor.authorShenkar, Noa
dc.contributor.authorSiegel, Volker
dc.contributor.authorSterrer, Wolfgang
dc.contributor.authorStöhr, Sabine
dc.contributor.authorSwalla, Billie
dc.contributor.authorTasker, Mark L.
dc.contributor.authorThuesen, Erik V.
dc.contributor.authorTimm, Tarmo
dc.contributor.authorTodaro, M. Antonio
dc.contributor.authorTuron, Xavier
dc.contributor.authorTyler, Seth
dc.contributor.authorUetz, Peter
dc.contributor.authorvan der Land, Jacob
dc.contributor.authorVanhoorne, Bart
dc.contributor.authorvan Ofwegen, Leen P.
dc.contributor.authorvan Soest, Rob W.M.
dc.contributor.authorVanaverbeke, Jan
dc.contributor.authorWalker-Smith, Genefor
dc.contributor.authorWalter, T. Chad
dc.contributor.authorWarren, Alan
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Gary C.
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Simon P.
dc.contributor.authorCostello, Mark J.
dc.identifier.citationAppeltans, Ward; Ahyong, Shane T. Anderson, Gary; Angel, Martin V.; Artois, Tom; Bailly, Nicolas; Bamber, Roger; Barber, Anthony; Bartsch, Ilse; Berta, Annalisa; Błażewicz-Paszkowycz, Magdalena; Bock, Phil; Boxshall, Geoff; Boyko, Christopher B.; Brandão, Simone Nunes; Bray, Rod A.; Bruce, Niel L.; Cairns, Stephen D.; Chan, Tin-Yam; Cheng, Lanna; Collins, Allen G.; Cribb, Thomas; Curini-Galletti, Marco; Dahdouh-Guebas, Farid; Davie, Peter J.F.; Dawson, Michael N.; De Clerck, Olivier; Decock, Wim; De Grave, Sammy; de Voogd, Nicole J.; Domning, Daryl P.; Emig, Christian C.; Erséus, Christer; Eschmeyer, William; Fauchald, Kristian; Fautin, Daphne G.; Feist, Stephen W.; Fransen, Charles H.J.M.; Furuya, Hidetaka; Garcia-Alvarez, Oscar; Gerken, Sarah; Gibson, David; Gittenberger, Arjan; Gofas, Serge; Gómez-Daglio, Liza; Gordon, Dennis P.; Guiry, Michael D.; Hernandez, Francisco; Hoeksema, Bert W.; Hopcroft, Russell R.; Jaume, Damià; Kirk, Paul; Koedam, Nico; Koenemann, Stefan; Kolb, Jürgen B.; Kristensen, Reinhardt M.; Kroh, Andreas; Lambert, Gretchen; Lazarus, David B.; Lemaitre, Rafael; Longshaw, Matt; Lowry, Jim; Macpherson, Enrique; Madin, Laurence P.; Mah, Christopher; Mapstone, Gill; McLaughlin, Patsy A.; Mees, Jan; Meland, Kenneth; Messing, Charles G.; Mills, Claudia E.; Molodtsova, Tina N.; Mooi, Rich; Neuhaus, Birger; Ng, Peter K.L.; Nielsen, Claus; Norenburg, Jon; Opresko, Dennis M.; Osawa, Masayuki; Paulay, Gustav; Perrin, William; Pilger, John F.; Poore, Gary C.B.; Pugh, Phil; Read, Geoffrey B.; Reimer, James D.; Rius, Marc; Rocha, Rosana M.; Saiz-Salinas, José I.; Scarabino, Victor; Schierwater, Bernd; Schmidt-Rhaesa, Andreas; Schnabel, Kareen E.; Schotte, Marilyn; Schuchert, Peter; Schwabe, Enrico; Segers, Hendrik; Self-Sullivan, Caryn; Shenkar, Noa; Siegel, Volker; Sterrer, Wolfgang; Stöhr, Sabine; Swalla, Billie; Tasker, Mark L.; Thuesen, Erik V.; Timm, Tarmo; Todaro, M. Antonio; Turon, Xavier; Tyler, Seth; Uetz, Peter; van der Land, Jacob; Vanhoorne, Bart; van Ofwegen, Leen P.; van Soest, Rob W.M.; Vanaverbeke, Jan; Walker-Smith, Genefor; Walter, T. Chad; Warren, Alan; Williams, Gary C.; Wilson, Simon P.; Costello, Mark J. (2012). The magnitude of global marine species diversity. Current Biology 22 (23), 2189-2202
dc.description.abstractBackground: The question of how many marine species exist is important because it provides a metric for how much we do and do not know about life in the oceans. We have compiled the first register of the marine species of the world and used this baseline to estimate how many more species, partitioned among all major eukaryotic groups, may be discovered. Results: There are similar to 226,000 eukaryotic marine species described. More species were described in the past decade (similar to 20,000) than in any previous one. The number of authors describing new species has been increasing at a faster rate than the number of new species described in the past six decades. We report that there are similar to 170,000 synonyms, that 58,000-72,000 species are collected but not yet described, and that 482,000-741,000 more species have yet to be sampled. Molecular methods may add tens of thousands of cryptic species. Thus, there may be 0.7-1.0 million marine species. Past rates of description of new species indicate there may be 0.5 +/- 0.2 million marine species. On average 37% (median 31%) of species in over 100 recent field studies around the world might be new to science. Conclusions: Currently, between one-third and two-thirds of marine species may be undescribed, and previous estimates of there being well over one million marine species appear highly unlikely. More species than ever before are being described annually by an increasing number of authors. If the current trend continues, most species will be discovered this century.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.ispartofCurrent Biology
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
dc.titleThe magnitude of global marine species diversity

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