Vspipe, an integrated resource for virtual screening and hit selection: applications to protein tyrosine phospahatase inhibition
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Álvarez-Carretero, Sandra; Pavlopoulou, Niki; Adams, James; Gilsenan, Jane; Tabernero, Lydia (2018). Vspipe, an integrated resource for virtual screening and hit selection: applications to protein tyrosine phospahatase inhibition. Molecules 23 (2),
The use of computational tools for virtual screening provides a cost-efficient approach to select starting points for drug development. We have developed VSpipe, a user-friendly semi-automated pipeline for structure-based virtual screening. VSpipe uses the existing tools AutoDock and OpenBabel together with software developed in-house, to create an end-to-end virtual screening workflow ranging from the preparation of receptor and ligands to the visualisation of results. VSpipe is efficient and flexible, allowing the users to make choices at different steps, and it is amenable to use in both local and cluster mode. We have validated VSpipe using the human protein tyrosine phosphatase PTP1B as a case study. Using a combination of blind and targeted docking VSpipe identified both new and known functional ligand binding sites. Assessment of different binding clusters using the ligand efficiency plots created by VSpipe, defined a drug-like chemical space for development of PTP1B inhibitors with potential applications to other PTPs. In this study, we show that VSpipe can be deployed to identify and compare different modes of inhibition thus guiding the selection of initial hits for drug discovery.