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dc.contributor.authorAcampora, Heidi
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Philip
dc.contributor.authorLyashevska, Olga
dc.contributor.authorO’Connor, Ian
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-20T15:58:42Z
dc.date.available2018-09-20T15:58:42Z
dc.date.issued2017-04-05
dc.identifier.citationAcampora, Heidi; White, Philip; Lyashevska, Olga; O’Connor, Ian (2017). Presence of persistent organic pollutants in a breeding common tern (sterna hirundo) population in ireland. Environmental Science and Pollution Research 24 (14), 13025-13035
dc.identifier.issn0944-1344,1614-7499
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10379/10088
dc.description.abstractPersistent organic pollutants (POPs) are chemical compounds of environmental concern due to their toxic, persistent nature and their ability to bio-accumulate in biological tissue. Seabirds, for often being at the top of the food web, have been used as monitors of environmental pollutants. Adverse effects caused by POPs have been reported in common terns (Sterna hirundo) since the 1970s. Egg shell thinning, embryo and hatchling deformities have been reported for this species. Environmental legislation, such as the Oslo-Paris Convention (OSPAR), has agreed on the monitoring of concentration of POPs in common terns. This study set out to investigate contemporary concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) in common terns breeding in Ireland, along with congener profiles. Investigation was conducted in live (n = 15) and dead birds (n = 20) to test for the efficiency of different methodologies using preen oil and feathers versus liver and preen gland. Mean concentrations of POPs followed the order: PCB (36.48 ng/g ww feather) > PAH (30.01 ng/g ww feather) > OCP (13.36 ng/g ww feather) > BFR (1.98 ng/g ww feather) in live birds; and PAH (46.65 ng/g ww preen gland) > PCB (44.11 ng/g ww preen gland) > OCP (15.15 ng/g ww liver) > BFR (5.07 ng/g ww liver) in dead birds. Comparison of contaminant results with toxicity pre-established levels concluded that this population of common terns in Ireland is not at risk of anomalies caused by POPs. However, some levels are higher in comparison to the ones established by OSPAR's EcoQO and must be monitored periodically.
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.ispartofEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/
dc.subjectcommontern
dc.subjectsternahirundo
dc.subjectpersistent organic pollutants
dc.subjectpcb
dc.subjectpah
dc.subjectocp
dc.subjectbfr
dc.subjectpolycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons
dc.subjectnondestructive biomonitoring tool
dc.subjectpolychlorinated-biphenyls
dc.subjectgreat-lakes
dc.subjectreproductive success
dc.subjectbritish-columbia
dc.subjectbird feathers
dc.subjectpreen oil
dc.subjectmarine
dc.subjectseabirds
dc.titlePresence of persistent organic pollutants in a breeding common tern (sterna hirundo) population in ireland
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s11356-017-8931-7
dc.local.publishedsourcehttps://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs11356-017-8931-7.pdf
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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Ireland