Now showing items 1894-1913 of 4455

    • Habenula volume in bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder: a high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging study 

      Savitz, Jonathan B.; Nugent, Allison C.; Bogers, Wendy; Roiser, Jonathan P.; Bain, Earle E.; Neumeister, Alexander; Zarate, Carlos A.; Manji, Husseini K.; Cannon, Dara M.; Marrett, Sean; Henn, Fritz; Charney, Dennis S.; Drevets, Wayne C. (Elsevier BV, 2011-02-01)
      Background: Increased activity of the habenula has been implicated in the etiology of major depressive disorder (MDD), in which reductions in habenula volume are present after death. We conducted the first magnetic resonance ...
    • Habitat selection by grazing animals in heterogeneous environments: the case of hill sheep in western ireland 

      Williams, Byrony; Walls, Sean; Walsh, Michael; Gormally, Mike (Royal Irish Academy, 2012-01-01)
      Uplands and peatlands are of high conservation importance and, while grazing animals are a key management tool for conservation, grazing-related damage can easily occur. Damage to European uplands is most notable in Britain ...
    • Habitat-driven population structure of bottlenose dolphins,tursiops truncatus, in the north-east atlantic 

      Louis, Marie; Viricel, Amélia; Lucas, Tamara; Peltier, Hélène; Alfonsi, Eric; Berrow, Simon; Brownlow, Andrew; Covelo, Pablo; Dabin, Willy; Deaville, Rob; de Stephanis, Renaud; Gally, François; Gauffier, Pauline; Penrose, Rod; Silva, Monica A.; Guinet, Christophe; Simon-Bouhet, Benoit (Wiley-Blackwell, 2014-01-29)
      Despite no obvious barrier to gene flow, historical environmental processes and ecological specializations can lead to genetic differentiation in highly mobile animals. Ecotypes emerged in several large mammal species as ...
    • Haciendo frente al acoso homofóbico a través de la poesía desde la clase de lengua extranjera: una propuesta didáctica 

      Férez Mora, Pedro Antonio; Alderete Diez, Pilar (Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM), 2017-12-21)
      Otherness, of which the homosexual other is a component, is rarely included in syllabi. This paper will explore the negative implications of its omission, and the benefits of its inclusion in academic curricula, with special ...
    • Haemodynamic performance of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (nmes) during recovery from total hip arthroplasty 

      Broderick, Barry J; Breathnach, Oisin; Condon, Finbarr; Masterson, Eric; ÓLaighin, Gearóid (Springer Nature, 2013-01-01)
      Background: Patients post total hip arthroplasty (THA) remain at high risk of developing Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) during the recovery period following surgery despite the availability of effective pharmacological and ...
    • Half-normal plots and overdispersed models in r: the hnp package 

      Moral, Rafael A; Hinde, John; Demétrio, Clarice G B (Foundation for Open Access Statistic, 2017-01-01)
      Count and proportion data may present overdispersion, i.e., greater variability than expected by the Poisson and binomial models, respectively. Different extended generalized linear models that allow for overdispersion may ...
    • Harmful algal blooms in fjords, coastal embayments, and stratified systems: recent progress and future research 

      Berdalet, Elisa; ,; Montresor, Marina; Reguera, Beatriz; Roy, Suzanne; Yamazaki, Hidekatsu; Cembella, Allan; Raine, Robin (The Oceanography Society, 2017-03-01)
      Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are natural phenomena that result from the interplay of biological, chemical, physical, and sedimentary processes occurring at different temporal and spatial scales. This paper provides an ...
    • Harnessing hierarchical nano- and micro-fabrication technologies for musculoskeletal tissue engineering 

      Abbah, Sunny A.; Delgado, Luis M.; Azeem, Ayesha; Fuller, Kieran; Shologu, Naledi; Keeney, Michael; Biggs, Manus J.; Pandit, Abhay; Zeugolis, Dimitrios I. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2015-11-01)
      Cells within a tissue are able to perceive, interpret and respond to the biophysical, biomechanical, and biochemical properties of the 3D extracellular matrix environment in which they reside. Such stimuli regulate cell ...
    • Health of farmed fish: its relation to fish welfare and its utility as welfare indicator 

      Segner, Helmut; Sundh, Henrik; Buchmann, Kurt; Douxfils, Jessica; Sundell, Kristina Snuttan; Mathieu, Cédric; Ruane, Neil; Jutfelt, Fredrik; Toften, Hilde; Vaughan, Lloyd (Springer Nature, 2011-06-18)
      This brief review focuses on health and biological function as cornerstones of fish welfare. From the function-based point of view, good welfare is reflected in the ability of the animal to cope with infectious and ...
    • Health professionals' ability to recognise body weight status of adults and children: the outcomes of the weight care project, an all-ireland study 

      Moorhead, S. A.; Gallagher, A.; Hazlett, D.; Coates, V.; Murphy, K.; Nolan, G. (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2012-01-01)
    • Health related quality of life two to five years after gestational diabetes mellitus: cross-sectional comparative study in the atlantic dip cohort 

      Danyliv, Andriy; Gillespie, Paddy; O’Neill, Ciaran; Noctor, Eoin; O’Dea, Angela; Tierney, Marie; McGuire, Brian E.; Glynn, Liam G; Dunne, Fidelma P (Springer Nature, 2015-10-24)
      Background: There is no consensus on the effect of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for the mother in the short or long term. In this study we examined HRQOL in a group of women ...
    • Healthcare for migrants, participatory health research and implementation science—better health policy and practice through inclusion. the restore project 

      MacFarlane, Anne; O’Reilly-de Brún, Mary; de Brún, Tomas; Dowrick, Christopher; O’Donnell, Catherine; Mair, Frances; Spiegel, Wolfgang; van den Muijsenbergh, Maria; van Weel Baumgarten, Evelyn; Lionis, Christos; Clissmann, Ciaran; , (Informa UK Limited, 2014-01-27)
      Background: This is a time of unprecedented mobility across the globe. Healthcare systems need to adapt to ensure that primary care is culturally and linguistically appropriate for migrants. Evidence-based guidelines and ...
    • Healthcare staffs’ experiences and perceptions of caring for people with dementia in the acute setting: qualitative evidence synthesis 

      Houghton, Catherine; Murphy, Kathy; Brooker, Dawn; Casey, Dympna (Elsevier BV, 2016-09-01)
    • Healthy eating and reduced risk of cognitive decline: a cohort from 40 countries 

      Smyth, A.; Dehghan, M.; O'Donnell, M.; Anderson, C.; Teo, K.; Gao, P.; Sleight, P.; Dagenais, G.; Probstfield, J. L.; Mente, A.; Yusuf, S.; , (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2015-05-06)
      Objective:We sought to determine the association of dietary factors and risk of cognitive decline in a population at high risk of cardiovascular disease.Methods:Baseline dietary intake and measures of the Mini-Mental State ...
    • Heart rate measurement during stereotyped motor behavior in autism spectrum disorder 

      Lydon, Sinéad; Healy, Olive; Mulhern, Teresa; Hughes, Brian M. (Springer Nature, 2015-08-14)
      Previous research has suggested that a relationship may exist between physiological arousal and engagement in motor stereotypy among children and adolescents with autism. It has been speculated that levels or alterations ...
    • Heat shock preconditioning protects against er stress-induced apoptosis through the regulation of the bh3-only protein bim 

      Kennedy, Donna; Mnich, Katarzyna; Samali, Afshin (Wiley-Blackwell, 2014-01-01)
    • Heat-shock-induced cellular responses to temperature elevations occurring during orthopaedic cutting 

      Dolan, E. B.; Haugh, M. G.; Tallon, D.; Casey, C.; McNamara, L. M. (The Royal Society, 2012-08-22)
      Severe heat-shock to bone cells caused during orthopaedic procedures can result in thermal damage, leading to cell death and initiating bone resorption. By contrast, mild heat-shock has been proposed to induce bone ...
    • Heberden's nodes and what heberden could not see: the pivotal role of ligaments in the pathogenesis of early nodal osteoarthritis and beyond 

      McGonagle, D.; Tan, A. L.; Grainger, A. J.; Benjamin, M. (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2008-04-04)
      Despite its relatively high prevalence, polyarticular nature, limited treatment options and recognized genetic contribution, the study of generalized OA (GOA) has lagged behind that of isolated knee OA. Whilst the pathogenesis ...
    • Height and breast cancer risk: evidence from prospective studies and mendelian randomization 

      Zhang, Ben; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Delahanty, Ryan J.; Zeng, Chenjie; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Wang, Qin; Dennis, Joe; Wen, Wanqing; Long, Jirong; Li, Chun; Dunning, Alison M.; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Shah, Mitul; Perkins, Barbara J.; Czene, Kamila; Darabi, Hatef; Eriksson, Mikael; Bojesen, Stig E.; Nordestgaard, Børge G.; Nielsen, Sune F.; Flyger, Henrik; Lambrechts, Diether; Neven, Patrick; Wildiers, Hans; Floris, Giuseppe; Schmidt, Marjanka K.; Rookus, Matti A.; van den Hurk, Katja; de Kort, Wim L. A. M.; Couch, Fergus J.; Olson, Janet E.; Hallberg, Emily; Vachon, Celine; Rudolph, Anja; Seibold, Petra; Flesch-Janys, Dieter; Peto, Julian; dos-Santos-Silva, Isabel; Fletcher, Olivia; Johnson, Nichola; Nevanlinna, Heli; Muranen, Taru A.; Aittomäki, Kristiina; Blomqvist, Carl; Li, Jingmei; Humphreys, Keith; Brand, Judith; Guénel, Pascal; Truong, Thérèse; Cordina-Duverger, Emilie; Menegaux, Florence; Burwinkel, Barbara; Marme, Frederik; Yang, Rongxi; Surowy, Harald; Benitez, Javier; Zamora, M. Pilar; Perez, Jose I. A.; Cox, Angela; Cross, Simon S.; Reed, Malcolm W. R.; Andrulis, Irene L.; Knight, Julia A.; Glendon, Gord; Tchatchou, Sandrine; Sawyer, Elinor J.; Tomlinson, Ian; Kerin, Michael J.; Miller, Nicola; Chenevix-Trench, Georgia; Haiman, Christopher A.; Henderson, Brian E.; Schumacher, Fredrick; Marchand, Loic Le; Lindblom, Annika; Margolin, Sara; Hooning, Maartje J.; Martens, John W. M.; Tilanus-Linthorst, Madeleine M. A.; Collée, J. Margriet; Hopper, John L.; Southey, Melissa C.; Tsimiklis, Helen; Apicella, Carmel; Slager, Susan; Toland, Amanda E.; Ambrosone, Christine B.; Yannoukakos, Drakoulis; Giles, Graham G.; Milne, Roger L.; McLean, Catriona; Fasching, Peter A.; Haeberle, Lothar; Ekici, Arif B.; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Brenner, Hermann; Dieffenbach, Aida Karina; Arndt, Volker; Stegmaier, Christa; Swerdlow, Anthony J.; Ashworth, Alan; Orr, Nick; Jones, Michael; Figueroa, Jonine; Garcia-Closas, Montserrat; Brinton, Louise; Lissowska, Jolanta; Dumont, Martine; Winqvist, Robert; Pylkäs, Katri; Jukkola-Vuorinen, Arja; Grip, Mervi; Brauch, Hiltrud; Brüning, Thomas; Ko, Yon-Dschun; Peterlongo, Paolo; Manoukian, Siranoush; Bonanni, Bernardo; Radice, Paolo; Bogdanova, Natalia; Antonenkova, Natalia; Dörk, Thilo; Mannermaa, Arto; Kataja, Vesa; Kosma, Veli-Matti; Hartikainen, Jaana M.; Devilee, Peter; Seynaeve, Caroline; Van Asperen, Christi J.; Jakubowska, Anna; Lubiński, Jan; Jaworska-Bieniek, Katarzyna; Durda, Katarzyna; Hamann, Ute; Torres, Diana; Schmutzler, Rita K.; Neuhausen, Susan L.; Anton-Culver, Hoda; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Grenaker Alnæs, Grethe I.; Pierce, Brandon L.; Kraft, Peter; Peters, Ulrike; Lindstrom, Sara; Seminara, Daniela; Burgess, Stephen; Ahsan, Habibul; Whittemore, Alice S.; John, Esther M.; Gammon, Marilie D.; Malone, Kathleen E.; Tessier, Daniel C.; Vincent, Daniel; Bacot, Francois; Luccarini, Craig; Baynes, Caroline; Ahmed, Shahana; Maranian, Mel; Healey, Catherine S.; González-Neira, Anna; Pita, Guillermo; Alonso, M. Rosario; Álvarez, Nuria; Herrero, Daniel; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Simard, Jacques; Hall, Per; Hunter, David J.; Easton, Douglas F.; Zheng, Wei; ,; , (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2015-08-20)
      Background: Epidemiological studies have linked adult height with breast cancer risk in women. However, the magnitude of the association, particularly by subtypes of breast cancer, has not been established. Furthermore, ...
    • Helicobacter pylori antigens as potential modulators of lymphocytes’ cytotoxic activity 

      Rudnicka, Karolina; Włodarczyk, Marcin; Moran, Anthony P.; Rechciński, Tomasz; Miszczyk, Eliza; Matusiak, Agnieszka; Szczęsna, Ewelina; Walencka, Maria; Rudnicka, Wiesława; Chmiela, Magdalena (Wiley-Blackwell, 2012-01-01)
      Helicobacter pylori (H.p) colonizes human gastric mucosa and causes gastric and duodenal ulcer disease or gastric cancer. Various H.p compounds may modulate the host immune response in regards to tolerance of the infection ...