Statistical characteristics and predictability of particle formation events at mace head
Yoon, Y. J.
O'Dowd, C. D.
Jennings, S. G.
Lee, S. H.
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Yoon, Y. J. O'Dowd, C. D.; Jennings, S. G.; Lee, S. H. (2006). Statistical characteristics and predictability of particle formation events at mace head. Journal of Geophysical Research 111 ,
[ 1] The seasonal characteristics of coastal nucleation events at the Mace Head Atmospheric Research Station, resulting from exposure of macroalgae to the atmosphere, were analyzed for a 2-year period from August 2002 to July 2004. Nucleation events occurred on 58% of the days over the period. The seasonal variation of the number of event days and event duration show a clear cycle, with maximum values in spring and autumn and the minimum values in the winter season. The nucleation events typically start similar to 75 min prior to the occurrence of the low-tide mark and the event start time is correlated (r = 0.75) to the low-tide height. The intensity of the events, as determined by the peak particle concentrations achieved, is also positively correlated with the amount of tidal areas exposed to ambient air, as determined by the tidal height, and solar radiation. A nucleation potential index (NPI) was developed as a tool to provide a predictive capability for event prediction at Mace Head. The index was derived from normalized tidal height, solar radiation intensity, and wind direction and was compared with the occurrence of nucleation events from the database. The result shows that Mace Head particle formation events can be quite well predicted with a threshold probability of 50%.