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Socioeconomic inequality in exposure to bullying during adolescence: a comparative cross-sectional multilevel study in 35 countries.

ARAN - Access to Research at NUI Galway

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dc.contributor.author Nic Gabhainn, Saoirse
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-23T13:31:34Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-23T13:31:34Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.citation Due, P., Merlo, J., Harel-Fisch, Y., Damsgaard, M.T., Holstein, B., Hetland, J., Currie, C., Nic Gabhainn, S., Gaspar de Matos, M., Lynch, J. (2009). Socioeconomic inequality in exposure to bullying during adolescence: a comparative cross-sectional multilevel study in 35 countries. American Journal of Public Health, 99(5), 907-914. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0090-0036
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10379/2794
dc.description.abstract Objectives. We examined the socioeconomic distribution of adolescent exposure to bullying internationally and documented the contribution of the macroeconomic environment. Methods. We used an international survey of 162 305 students aged 11, 13, and 15 years from nationally representative samples of 5998 schools in 35 countries in Europe and North America for the 2001-2002 school year. The survey used standardized measures of exposure to bullying and socioeconomic affluence. Results. Adolescents from families of low affluence reported higher prevalence of being victims of bullying (odds ratio [OR] = 1.13; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.10, 1.16). International differences in prevalence of exposure to bullying were not associated with the economic level of the country (as measured by gross national income) or the school, but wide disparities in affluence at a school and large economic inequality (as measured by the Gini coefficient) at the national level were associated with an increased prevalence of exposure to bullying. Conclusions. There is socioeconomic inequality in exposure to bullying among adolescents, leaving children of greater socioeconomic disadvantage at higher risk of victimization. Adolescents who attend schools and live in countries where socioeconomic differences are larger are at higher risk of being bullied. en_US
dc.format application/pdf en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher American Public Health Association en_US
dc.subject Bullying en_US
dc.subject Adolescents en_US
dc.subject Macroeconomics en_US
dc.subject Health Promotion en_US
dc.title Socioeconomic inequality in exposure to bullying during adolescence: a comparative cross-sectional multilevel study in 35 countries. en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.2105/AJPH.2008.139303
dc.local.publishedsource http://dx.doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2008.139303 en_US
dc.description.peer-reviewed peer-reviewed en_US
dc.contributor.funder The Health Insurance Foundation en_US
dc.contributor.funder The Nordea Denmark Foundation en_US

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