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Evaluation of chemical amendments to control phosphorus losses from dairy slurry.

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dc.contributor.author Brennan, Raymond B.
dc.contributor.author Rodgers, Michael
dc.contributor.author Healy, Mark G.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-02-13T13:50:23Z
dc.date.available 2012-02-13T13:50:23Z
dc.date.issued 2011-06-01
dc.identifier.citation Brennan, R.B., Fenton, O., Rodgers, M., Healy, M.G. 2011. Evaluation of chemical amendments to control phosphorus losses from dairy slurry. Soil Use and Management 27(2): 238-246. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10379/2564
dc.description.abstract The aim of this paper is to identify chemicals with the potential to reduce P losses from agricultural grassland arising from the land application of dairy cattle slurry. It also aims to identify optimal application rates and to estimate associated costs. The cost of chemical amendments was estimated based on cost of chemical, chemical delivery, addition of chemical to slurry, volume increases during slurry agitation, and slurry spreading costs. First, batch tests were carried out to identify appropriate chemical and phosphorus sorbing materials (PSMs) to be considered as potential amendments to control P in runoff from dairy cattle slurry. Then, the best seven treatments were examined in a novel agitator test. Optimum application rates were selected based on percentage removal of dissolved reactive phosphorus (DRP) in overlying water and the estimated cost of amendment. At optimum application rates, alum reduced the DRP in overlying water by 94%, aluminium chloride (AlCl2) by 92%, ferric chloride (FeCl2) by 88%, lime by 81%, aluminium water treatment residuals (Al-WTR; sieved to <2mm) by 77%, Al-WTR sludge by 71%, flyash by 72%, and flue gas desulphurisation by-product by 72%. Alum was the most cost-effective chemical amendment, and was capable of greater than 90% reduction in soluble P in overlying water. The optimum FeCl2 amendment was less expensive, but not quiet as effective. AlCl2 and lime are expensive, and despite the attractiveness of using PSM, those examined were not cost effective at P reductions of greater than 85%. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Soil Use and Management en_US
dc.subject Civil Engineering en_US
dc.subject Water treatment residual en_US
dc.subject Alum en_US
dc.subject Dairy wastewater treatment en_US
dc.subject Landspreading en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Landspreading en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Dairy wastewater treatment en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Chemical amendment en_US
dc.title Evaluation of chemical amendments to control phosphorus losses from dairy slurry. en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1475-2743.2011.00326.x
dc.local.publishedsource http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2011.00326.x en_US
dc.description.peer-reviewed peer-reviewed en_US

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