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Effect of social variation on the Irish diet.

ARAN - Access to Research at NUI Galway

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dc.contributor.author Kelleher, Cecily
dc.contributor.author Nolan, Geraldine
dc.date.accessioned 2011-12-09T13:26:36Z
dc.date.available 2011-12-09T13:26:36Z
dc.date.issued 2002
dc.identifier.citation Kelleher, C., Friel, S., Nolan, G., & Forbes, B. (2002). Effect of social variation on the Irish diet. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 61(04), 527-536. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0029-6651
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10379/2402
dc.description.abstract Both jurisdictions of Ireland have high rates of chronic degenerative diseases, particularly of the cardiovascular system, and Irish migrants have worse health profiles, often lasting at least two generations. The influence of socio-demographic variation over the life course, and what role diet plays, has not been well researched in epidemiological terms. There is a long history of an unusual Irish diet. Estimated dietary fat intake (% total energy intake) in 1863 was only 9, but had reached 30 in 1948 and 34 in 1999. Conversely, carbohydrate intake has fallen steadily over 150 years. From 1948 onwards household budget survey data illustrate patterns of increasing urbanisation and socio-economic gradients in food availability. The National Survey of Lifestyles, Attitudes and Nutrition, (n 6539, 622 % response rate) provides clear evidence of inverse social-class gradients in intake of fruit and vegetables and dairy products and in reported patterns of healthy eating. Median carbohydrate and vitamin C levels are higher among social classes 1-2 and mean saturated fat intake is lower. International comparisons indicate a continuing, if narrowing, north-south gradient across Europe. Data from the Boston-Ireland study suggest a crossover in both dietary intake patterns and risk of heart disease in Ireland and the USA in the 1970s. Contemporary comparative data of middle-aged Irish and American women demonstrate patterns of diet intake and inactivity consistent with the modern epidemic of obesity and non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Thus, dietary variations within and between countries and over time are consistent with chronic disease patterns in contemporary Ireland. en_US
dc.format application/pdf en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Cambridge University Press en_US
dc.subject Social class en_US
dc.subject Time trends en_US
dc.subject Saturated fatty acids en_US
dc.subject Fat intake en_US
dc.subject Carbohydrate intake en_US
dc.subject Health Promotion en_US
dc.title Effect of social variation on the Irish diet. en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.local.publishedsource http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS2002191 en_US
dc.description.peer-reviewed peer-reviewed en_US
dc.contributor.funder Department of Health and Children en_US
dc.contributor.funder Fulbright Commission en_US
dc.contributor.funder U. S. Department of Agriculture en_US
dc.contributor.funder Teagasc en_US

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