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The Dehumanisation Dynamic: A Criminology of Genocide

ARAN - Access to Research at NUI Galway

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dc.contributor.advisor Schabas, William A.
dc.contributor.author Anderson, Kjell
dc.date.accessioned 2011-10-28T14:30:26Z
dc.date.available 2014-09-22T15:11:31Z
dc.date.issued 2011-10-03
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10379/2246
dc.description.abstract Why do individuals perpetrate the crime of genocide? This thesis utilises an interdisciplinary, criminological approach in order to explore this question. Interviews with perpetrators and victims of genocide in Rwanda, Burundi, Bosnia, Bangladesh, and Cambodia demonstrate the nature of genocide as a non-deviant crime of conformity. Propaganda from the criminogenic state drives this legitimisation of the crime of genocide. Perpetrators rationalise their actions, through the techniques of neutralisation, which are derived from state propaganda, peer influences, and the tendency of individuals to minimise their own culpability. Thus, perpetrator decision-making is rational but is constrained within the context of the genocidal state. Genocide may be prevented by increasing the costs of participation. Perpetrator self-objectification (the removal of agency) occurs in parallel with the objectification (dehumanisation) of victims in order to override the prohibition on killing and facilitate the commission of genocide. en_US
dc.subject Causes of genocide en_US
dc.subject Prevention of genocide en_US
dc.subject Genocide en_US
dc.subject Crimes against humanity en_US
dc.subject International crimes en_US
dc.subject Criminology of international crimes en_US
dc.subject International criminal law en_US
dc.subject Irish Centre for Human Rights en_US
dc.title The Dehumanisation Dynamic: A Criminology of Genocide en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.local.note This thesis examines the causes and prevention of the crime of genocide. The focus is on the motivation of individual perpetrators. Drawing on interviews conducted in Rwanda, Burundi, Bosnia, and Cambodia it is concluded that genocide is perpetrated by ordinary individuals acting under powerful social pressures. Foremost among these pressures are obedience to authority and conformity with peers. Our tendency to conform and reduce our own culpability for wrongful acts through rationalisations also eases the perpetration of the crime of genocide. Genocide may be prevented by making perpetration more difficult for perpetrators through means such as the criminal prosecution of genocide. en_US
dc.local.final Yes en_US

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