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Analyzing gender-based differential advantage: a gendered model of emerging and constructed opportunities.

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dc.contributor.author Steele, Scott R. en
dc.date.accessioned 2011-03-07T15:06:25Z en
dc.date.available 2011-03-07T15:06:25Z en
dc.date.issued 1998-10 en
dc.identifier.citation Steele, S. R. (1998). Analyzing gender-based differential advantage: a gendered model of emerging and constructed opportunities. (Economics Working Paper no. 29): Department of Economics, National University of Ireland, Galway. en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10379/1683 en
dc.description.abstract This paper develops and uses the Model of Emerging and Constructed Opportunities (MECO) to analyze the emergence of systematic institutional and gender-based differential advantage. Using an evolutionary process with reference group effects, certain household power relations that are "less fit" are abandoned in favor of household power relations that are "more fit." The model illustrates processes whereby institutional and gender-based differential advantage could emerge: (1) through stochastic processes if different genders experience asymmetric shocks affecting their economic opportunity; (2) as the result of gender-based differences in investment bias; or (3) as the result of gender-based differences in responses to servility. The evolutionary process in the MECO is one where agents within households see themselves as servile if they have less ability to influence the allocation of resources in their household than their peers. When agents deem themselves as servile they shirk and household production is diminished. As such, there are costs and benefits to having power in the household. Both agents in the household may be made better off by abandoning one household power relation in favor of another. In particular, the MECO contributes to the literature by analyzing the emergence of (1) gender-based differences in "exit options" and (2) gender-based differences in terms of ability to influence intra-household allocations. en
dc.format application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher National University of Ireland, Galway en
dc.relation.ispartofseries Economics Working Papers;29 en
dc.subject Economics en
dc.subject Intra-household economics en
dc.subject Economic opportunity en
dc.subject Gender economics en
dc.subject Evolutionary modeling en
dc.subject Fairness en
dc.subject Institutional economics en
dc.title Analyzing gender-based differential advantage: a gendered model of emerging and constructed opportunities. en
dc.type Working Paper en
dc.description.peer-reviewed peer-reviewed en

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