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Using a Time Timer(TM) to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities.

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dc.contributor.author Hayes, Deirdre en
dc.contributor.author Leader, Geraldine en
dc.contributor.author Healy, Olive en
dc.contributor.author Grey, Ian en
dc.date.accessioned 2009-04-21T09:09:47Z en
dc.date.available 2009-04-21T09:09:47Z en
dc.date.issued 2009 en
dc.identifier.citation Grey, Ian, Olive Healy, Geraldine Leader and Deirdre Hayes. 2009. "Using a Time Timer(TM) to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities." Research in Developmental Disabilities 30(2):359-366. en
dc.identifier.uri 10.1016/j.ridd.2008.07.001 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10379/134 en
dc.description.abstract This study aimed to examine the use of a predictive stimulus (Time TimerTM) and delayed reinforcement to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities and problem behavior maintained by access to tangible items and activities. The study employed a changing criterion design across settings to gradually increase reinforcement delay from 1 second to 10 minutes. Firstly a baseline phase was conducted to measure the duration of appropriate waiting behaviour to access tangible reinforcers/activities. Phase 2 involved the use of a red cue card and the verbal instruction ¿wait¿. Phase 3 involved the introduction of the Time TimerTM with the cue card attached, and the verbal instruction ¿wait¿. Finally, Phase 4 utilised the Time TimerTM without the cue card. Results indicated that this was an effective strategy for increasing appropriate waiting behavior with this participant in a school setting. The role of adding a concurrent activity during the reinforcement delay, using cues to predict reinforcement, future generalization, maintenance and the teaching of functionally equivalent skills are discussed. en
dc.format application/pdf en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher Elsevier en
dc.subject Time Timer TM en
dc.subject Developmental disabilities en
dc.subject Delayed reinforcement en
dc.subject.lcsh Developmental disabilities en
dc.subject.lcsh Reinforcement (Psychology) en
dc.title Using a Time Timer(TM) to increase appropriate waiting behavior in a child with developmental disabilities. en
dc.type Article en

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